Assessment of geological setting of a project area and its control on land use, settlement patterns, livelihoods and resultant ecosystems. Evaluation of aspects such as lithology, petrology, structural geology, mineralogy, economic geology, geological history and timescale, stratigraphy, geomorphology, soils, vegetation, wetlands, drainage and paleo-channels, agro minerals, hydrogeology, water quality, climatology and paleo-climates, oceanography (for coastal projects), assessment/ analysis of geological logs and geophysical logs, assessment/interpretation of satellite images and geological maps etc.